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Szwajgier D., Bancarzewska M., 2011. Changes in the phenolic acid content during wort boiling and whirlpool. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 10 (1), 19-33

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Issue 10 (1) 2011 pp. 19-33

Dominik Szwajgier, Monika Bańcarzewska

University of Life Sciences in Lublin

Changes in the phenolic acid content during wort boiling and whirlpool

Abstract

Background. Phenolic acids were repeatedly pointed out as powerful antioxidants.
The studies in the past prove the differences in the phenolic acids content in malts and worts. In this work, the influence of wort boiling and whirlpool separation on the phenolic acid content was studied.
Material and methods. Worts were produced in the local brewery by the infusion method using pale pilsner-type barley malt. Samples were analysed at the beginning of the boil, after the boil and after whirlpool separation (5 and 30 min). Free and total alkali extractable phenolic acids contents were analysed using HPLC-DAD.
Results. The main phenolic acid in all worts was ferulic acid in the free (35.47 ±3.28-117.51 ±4.40 mg·dm-3) as well as total alkali extractable form (193.49 ±4.84-294.72 ±2.65 mg·dm-3). With both forms no decrease was seen after boiling of wort (80 min at 100-100.5°C) followed by wort separation in the whirlpool. Similarly, no significant changes in the free and total form of p-coumaric acid content were seen.
Conclusions. It can be concluded that an elevated temperature during wort boiling and separation in whirlpool had no significant influence on the content of phenolic acids
(at least in the case of the specific mashing program applied in this brewery: equipment, enzyme preparations, mashing, time-temperature parameters etc.). The differences
in the phenolic acids levels could be rather attributed to different supplies of malt used for the production.

Keywords: ferulic acid, phenolic acid, wort, wort boiling, antioxidant
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For citation:

MLA Szwajgier, Dominik, and Monika Bańcarzewska. "Changes in the phenolic acid content during wort boiling and whirlpool." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 10.1 (2011): 19-33.
APA Szwajgier D., Bancarzewska M. (2011). Changes in the phenolic acid content during wort boiling and whirlpool. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 10 (1), 19-33
ISO 690 SZWAJGIER, Dominik, BAńCARZEWSKA, Monika. Changes in the phenolic acid content during wort boiling and whirlpool. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2011, 10.1: 19-33.