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Issue 10 (2) 2011 pp. 189-196

Paweł Glibowski, Anna Bukowska

University of Life Sciences in Lublin

The effect of pH, temperature and heating time on inulin chemical stability

Abstract

Background. Inulin is a storage carbohydrate found in many plants especially in chicory root, Jerusalem artichoke and dahlia tuber. It is a prebiotic with many functional properties. In earlier research concerning chemical stability of inulin, the effect of pH
on rheological properties of inulin gels was mainly analysed. In these studies, the effect of time, temperature and pH on inulin chemical stability was not analysed profoundly especially considering the inulin concentrations unable to form gel structure. Thus, the aim of this work was to study the effect of the above mentioned factors on inulin chemical stability in water solution.
Material and methods. 5% (w/w) inulin solutions at pH 1-12 were heated at 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100°C for 5-60 min. After the neutralisation the content of reducing sugar was analysed according to Miller’s method (1959) with 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid.
Results. The conducted studies showed that inulin chemical stability at pH £ 4 decreased with an increase of heating time and temperature. In a neutral and basic environment inulin was chemically stable regardless of heating time and temperature.
Conclusions. Inulin application in food systems may be limited in acidic products especially when heated above 60°C during the production process. However, in products at pH ≥ 5, the degradation of this fructan does not occur even at thermal processing.

Keywords: inulin, hydrolysis, temperature, pH
pub/.pdf Full text available in english in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.food.actapol.net/issue2/volume/5_2_2011.pdf

For citation:

MLA Glibowski, Paweł, and Anna Bukowska. "The effect of pH, temperature and heating time on inulin chemical stability." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 10.2 (2011): 189-196.
APA Glibowski P., Bukowska A. (2011). The effect of pH, temperature and heating time on inulin chemical stability. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 10 (2), 189-196
ISO 690 GLIBOWSKI, Paweł, BUKOWSKA, Anna. The effect of pH, temperature and heating time on inulin chemical stability. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2011, 10.2: 189-196.