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Issue 11 (2) 2012 pp. 131-148

Reza Amiri Chayjan, Kamran Salari, Hossein Barikloo

Department of Agricultural Machinery, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University

Modelling moisture diff usivity of pomegranate seed cultivars under fi xed, semi fl uidized and fl uidized bed using mathematical and neural network methods

Abstract

Background. Modelling moisture diffusivity of pomegranate cultivars is considered to be a major aspect of the drying process optimization. Its goal is mainly to apply the optimum drying method and conditions in which the fi nal product meets the required standards. Temperature is the major parameter which affects the moisture diffusivity. This parameter is not equal for different cultivars of pomegranate. So modelling of moisture diffusivity is important in designing, optimizing and adjusting the dryer system.
Material and methods. This research studied thin layer drying of three cultivars of pomegranate seeds(Alak, Siah and Malas) under fi xed, semi fl uidized and fl uidized bed conditions. Drying process of samples was implemented at 50, 60, 70 and 80°C air temperature levels. Second law of Fick in diffusion was utilized to compute the effective moisture diffusivity (Deff) of the seeds. Linear and artifi cial neural networks (ANNs) also were used to model Deff of seeds.
Results. Maximum and minimum values of the Deff were related to malas and alak cultivars, respectively. Three linear models were found to fi t the experimental data with average R2 = 0.9350, 0.9320 and 0.9400 for Alak, Siah and Malas cultivars, respectively. The best results for neural network were related to feed forward neural network with training algorithm of Levenberg-Marquardt was appertained to the topology of 3-4-3-1 and threshold function of LOGSIG. By the use of this structure, R2 = 0.9972 was determined.
Conclusion. A direct relationship was found between Deff and thickness of fl eshy section of the seeds. The Siah cultivar has the highest value of Deff. This is due to higher volume of fl eshy section of the siah cultivar. Cultivar type and air velocity have the highest and the least effect on Deff, respectively.

Keywords: fl uidized bed drying, moisture diffusivity, pomegranate, artifi cial neural network
pub/.pdf Full text available in english in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.food.actapol.net/issue2/volume/4_2_2012.pdf

For citation:

MLA Chayjan, Reza Amiri, et al. "Modelling moisture diff usivity of pomegranate seed cultivars under fi xed, semi fl uidized and fl uidized bed using mathematical and neural network methods." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 11.2 (2012): 131-148.
APA Chayjan Amiri R., Salari K., Barikloo H. (2012). Modelling moisture diff usivity of pomegranate seed cultivars under fi xed, semi fl uidized and fl uidized bed using mathematical and neural network methods. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 11 (2), 131-148
ISO 690 CHAYJAN, Reza Amiri, SALARI, Kamran, BARIKLOO, Hossein. Modelling moisture diff usivity of pomegranate seed cultivars under fi xed, semi fl uidized and fl uidized bed using mathematical and neural network methods. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2012, 11.2: 131-148.