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Issue 11 (2) 2012 pp. 193-198

Mirosław Pysz, Szymon Polaszczyk, Teresa Leszczyńska, Ewa Piątkowska

Department of Human Nutrition, University of Agriculture in Krakow

Eff ect of microwave fi eld on trypsin inhibitors activity and protein quality of broad bean seeds (Vicia faba var. major)

Abstract

Background. In human nutrition legume seeds are usually subjected to soaking and thermal processes, mainly by using traditional cooking method. This method which has been used for decades, does not allow to control and adjust the parameters of this process. Therefore it does not seem to be the optimal method. Undoubtedly, microwave fi eld is an alternative thermal process to conventional technique. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of microwave fi eld on the activity of trypsin inhibitors and protein quality of three varieties of broad bean seeds.
Material and methods. The study was performed on dry seeds of broad bean varieties Windsor White, Bachus and Basta. The seeds were soaked and heated in a microwave. The seeds absorbed different energy doses from 500 J/g, through 750, 1000, 1250, 1500, 1750 to 2000 J/g. The study material prepared in this way was tested for trypsin inhibitor activity, protein solubility and in vitro protein digestibility. The results were analysed by the one-way analysis of variance.
Results. Microwave heating resulted in decreased activity of trypsin inhibitors and protein solubility and increased digestibility of protein in all tested varieties of broad bean seeds. With increasing doses of the microwave fi eld energy a decrease in protein solubility was observed. Satisfactory reduction in trypsin inhibitors at the level of 70-75% and highest protein digestibility were obtained by using a microwave fi eld with energy dose of 1000 J/g of seeds.
Conclusion. It can be concluded that the optimal dose of microwave energy fi eld which will produce a relatively low activity of trypsin inhibitors and the highest protein digestibility together with maintaining solubility of broad been seeds was 1000 J/g seed.

Keywords: trypsin inhibitor, in vitro protein digestibility, microwave fi eld, broad bean seeds
pub/.pdf Full text available in english in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.food.actapol.net/issue2/volume/9_2_2012.pdf

For citation:

MLA Pysz, Mirosław, et al. "Eff ect of microwave fi eld on trypsin inhibitors activity and protein quality of broad bean seeds (Vicia faba var. major)." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 11.2 (2012): 193-198.
APA Pysz M., Polaszczyk Sz., Leszczyńska T., Piątkowska E. (2012). Eff ect of microwave fi eld on trypsin inhibitors activity and protein quality of broad bean seeds (Vicia faba var. major). Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 11 (2), 193-198
ISO 690 PYSZ, Mirosław, et al. Eff ect of microwave fi eld on trypsin inhibitors activity and protein quality of broad bean seeds (Vicia faba var. major). Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2012, 11.2: 193-198.