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Issue 12 (3) 2013 pp. 253-262

Tomasz Pawlak1, Antoni Ryniecki1, Idzi Siatkowski2

1Food Engineering Group, Institute of Food Technology of Plant Origin, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
2
Department of Mathematical and Statistical Methods, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland

Optimization of process parameters for microwave-vacuum puffing of black radish slices using the response surface method

Abstract:

 

Background. Due to the health-promoting value of black radish, authors decided to investigate the feasibil­ity of forming - from its roots - chips, using the process of microwave-vacuum puffing. In order to produce desirable quality of chips, there is a need to determine the most advantageous values of process parameters. The main goal of the paper is to investigate the possibility of determining the best processing conditions for microwave-vacuum formation of black radish chips that can maximize the chips expansion ratio while main­taining consumer acceptability of sensory quality of chips.
Material and methods. The raw material for analyses comprised fresh roots of black radish {raphanns sati- vus linne varietas niger). A three-level, one-factor central composite experimental design (DOE) was applied. The response surface method (RSM) was used as a part of the Statistica software and the R computer program for optimization. Response surfaces were built using the second degree polynomial that includes principal effects of processing parameters values and their interactions.
Results. A regression model was derived, based on results of natural experiments, that give a satisfactory prediction level (R2 = 0.96) of the expansion ratio of black radish chips as a function of processing condi­tions. Then, the best values of process parameters were found using the RSM. The best processing parameters values were determined to be 0.39 kg kg-1 wb (wet basis) moisture content of pre-dehydrated radish slices, 14.5 kPa vacuum absolute pressure and 80 s of microwave heating time during puffing (for the 650 W power output of the microwave generator).
Conclusion. Optimized process of puffing of black radish slices using the RSM provided a satisfactory high value of the sensory quality index of chips. In this paper we do not analyze the physical structure of chips. In the future more research needs to be done in this area.

 

Keywords: black radish, microwave-vacuum drying, puffi ng, response surface method, sensory quality
pub/.pdf Full text available in english in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.food.actapol.net/issue3/volume/2_3_2013.pdf

For citation:

MLA Pawlak, Tomasz, et al. "Optimization of process parameters for microwave-vacuum puffing of black radish slices using the response surface method." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 12.3 (2013): 253-262.
APA Pawlak T., Ryniecki A., Siatkowski I., (2013). Optimization of process parameters for microwave-vacuum puffing of black radish slices using the response surface method. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 12 (3), 253-262
ISO 690 PAWLAK, Tomasz, RYNIECKI, Antoni, SIATKOWSKI, Idzi. Optimization of process parameters for microwave-vacuum puffing of black radish slices using the response surface method. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2013, 12.3: 253-262.