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Issue 12 (3) 2013 pp. 273-282

Youssef Ait El Kadi1, Ali Moudden1, Bouazza Faiz1, Gerard Maze2, Dominique Decultot2

1Laboratory of Metrology and Data Processing, Ibn Zohr University,Agadir, Morocco
2
Ultrasonic Laboratory of Acoustics and Electronics, University of Le Havre, France

Ultrasonic monitoring of fish thawing process optimal time of thawing and effect of freezing/thawing

Abstract

Introduction. Fish quality is traditionally controlled by chemical and microbiological analysis. The non-de- structive control presents an enormous professional interest thanks to the technical contribution and precision of the analysis to which it leads. This paper presents the results obtained from a characterisation of fish thaw­ing process by the ultrasonic technique, with monitoring thermal processing from frozen to defrosted states.
Material and methods.
The study was carried out on fish type red drum and salmon cut into fillets of 15 mm thickness. After being frozen at -20°C, the sample is enclosed in a plexiglas vessel with parallel walls at the ambient temperature 30°C and excited in perpendicular incidence at 0.5 MHz by an ultrasonic pulser-receiver Sofranel 5052PR. the technique of measurement consists to study the signals reflected by fish during its thaw­ing, the specific techniques of signal processing are implemented to deduce informations characterizing the state of fish and its thawing process by examining the evolution of the position echoes reflected by the sample and the viscoelastic parameters offish during its thawing.
Results. The obtained results show a relationship between the thermal state offish and its acoustic proper­ties, which allowed to deduce the optimal time of the first thawing in order to restrict the growth of microbial flora. For salmon, the results show a decrease of 36% of the time of the second thawing and an increase of 10.88% of the phase velocity, with a decrease of 65.5% of the peak-to-peak voltage of the signal reflected, thus a decrease of the acoustic impedance.
Conclusions. This study shows an optimal time and an evolution rate of thawing specific to each type offish and a correlation between the acoustic behavior of fish and its thermal state which approves that this tech­nique of ultrasonic monitoring can substitute the control using the destructive chemical analysis in order to monitor the thawing process and to know whether a fish has suffered an accidental thawing.

Keywords: ultrasound, non-destructive control, acoustic behavior, thermal state, optimal time of thawing, phase velocity, wave attenuation
pub/.pdf Full text available in english in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.food.actapol.net/issue3/volume/4_3_2013.pdf

For citation:

MLA Kadi, Youssef Ait El, et al. "Ultrasonic monitoring of fish thawing process optimal time of thawing and effect of freezing/thawing." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 12.3 (2013): 273-282.
APA El Kadi Y.A., Moudden A., Faiz B., Maze G., Decultot D., (2013). Ultrasonic monitoring of fish thawing process optimal time of thawing and effect of freezing/thawing. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 12 (3), 273-282
ISO 690 KADI, Youssef Ait El, et al. Ultrasonic monitoring of fish thawing process optimal time of thawing and effect of freezing/thawing. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2013, 12.3: 273-282.