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Issue 12 (3) 2013 pp. 319-330

Zuzanna Goluch-Koniuszy, Magda Rygielska, Ilona Nowacka

Department of Human Nutrition Physiology, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland

Nutritional status and nutritional habits of men with benign prostatic hyperplasia or prostate cancer - preliminary investigation

Abstract

Introduction. The ageing in men, the most frequent pathologic lesions affecting the prostatic gland in this period are benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PC), the course of which may be infl uenced by the improper nutritional status of patients and their nutritional habits. The aim of this study was, therefore, to evaluate the nutritional status and eating habits of men diagnosed and treated for one of the above diseases.
Material and metods. The nutritional status of 30 male patients with clinically confi rmed and treated disease of the prostatic gland, including 15 men (aged 51-75 years) with BPH and 15 men (aged 51-73 years) with PC, was evaluated based on their BMI, WC, WHR, and WHtR parameters. In turn, the energy and nutritive value of 90 daily food rations (DFRs) was evaluated. Finally, calculations were made for the Key’s index of diet atherogenicity, resultant Glycemic Index (GI) and Glycemic Load (GL).
Results. Higher values of the BMI, WC, WHR and WHtR parameters were noted in the men with PC, they were also characterized by a higher incidence of peripheral subcutaneous obesity and visceral obesity. The DFRs of the men were characterized by a low energy value and by a low intake of available carbohydrates, dietary fi ber, K, Ca, Mg, vitamins D and C, and fl uids at a simultaneously high intake of total and animal protein, cholesterol, Na, P, Fe, Cu as well as vitamins B2 and PP. The contribution of energy derived from the basic nutrients diverged from the recommended values. In addition, the DFRs were characterized by high values of Key’s index and 24-h GL. Differences in meeting the RDA for selected nutrients between the analysed groups of men were statistically signifi cant.
Conclusions. The improper nutritional status of the men may result from their incorrect nutritional habits which fail to improve their health status, and even predispose them to the development of some diet-dependent diseases. In view of that, both correction of diets of the surveyed men, as well as their health-promoting nutritional education in the aspect of prostate diseases seem necessary.

Keywords: benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate cancer, nutritional status, nutrition manner, Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, Keys indicator
pub/.pdf Full text available in english in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.food.actapol.net/issue3/volume/9_3_2013.pdf

For citation:

MLA Goluch-Koniuszy, Zuzanna, et al. "Nutritional status and nutritional habits of men with benign prostatic hyperplasia or prostate cancer - preliminary investigation." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 12.3 (2013): 319-330.
APA Goluch-Koniuszy Z., Rygielska M., Nowacka I. (2013). Nutritional status and nutritional habits of men with benign prostatic hyperplasia or prostate cancer - preliminary investigation. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 12 (3), 319-330
ISO 690 GOLUCH-KONIUSZY, Zuzanna, RYGIELSKA, Magda, NOWACKA, Ilona. Nutritional status and nutritional habits of men with benign prostatic hyperplasia or prostate cancer - preliminary investigation. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2013, 12.3: 319-330.