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original articleIssue 14 (1) 2015 pp. 15-27

Behnam Alaei, Reza Amiri Chayjan

Department of Biosystems Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

Modelling of nectarine drying under near infrared – Vacuum conditions

Abstract

Background. Drying of nectarine slices was performed to determine the thermal and physical properties in order to reduce product deterioration due to chemical reactions, facilitate storage and lower transportation costs. Because nectarine slices are sensitive to heat with long drying period, the selection of a suitable drying approach is a challenging task. Infrared-vacuum drying can be used as an appropriate method for susceptible materials with high moisture content such as nectarine slices.
Material and methods. Modelling of nectarine slices drying was carried out in a thin layer near infraredvacuum conditions. Drying of the samples was implemented at the absolute pressures of 20, 40 and 60 kPa and drying temperatures of 50, 60 and 70°C. Drying behaviour of nectarine slices, as well as the effect of drying conditions on moisture loss trend, drying rate, effective diffusion coefficient, activation energy, shrinkage, colour and energy consumption of nectarine slices, dried in near infrared-vacuum dryer are discussed in this study. Six mathematical models were used to predict the moisture ratio of the samples in thin layer drying.
Results. The Midilli model had supremacy in prediction of nectarine slices drying behaviour. The maximum drying rates of the samples were between 0.014–0.047 gwater/gdry material·min. Effective moisture diffusivity of the samples was estimated in the ranges of 2.46·10-10 to 6.48·10-10 m2/s. Activation energy were computed between 31.28 and 35.23 kJ/mol. Minimum shrinkage (48.4%) and total colour difference (15.1) were achieved at temperature of 50°C and absolute pressure of 20 kPa. Energy consumption of the tests was estimated in the ranges of 0.129 to 0.247 kWh.
Conclusion. Effective moisture diffusivity was increased with decrease of vacuum pressure and increase of drying temperature but effect of drying temperature on effective moisture diffusivity of nectarine slices was more than vacuum pressure. Activation energy was decreased with decrease in absolute pressure. Total colour difference and shrinkage of nectarine slices on near infrared-vacuum drying was decreased with decrease of vacuum pressure and decrease of drying temperature.

Keywords: nectarine, vacuum dryer, moisture diffusivity, activation energy, shrinkage
pub/.pdf Full text available in english in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.food.actapol.net/issue1/volume/2_1_2015.pdf

http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2015.1.2

For citation:

MLA Alaei, Behnam, and Reza Amiri Chayjan. "Modelling of nectarine drying under near infrared – Vacuum conditions." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 14.1 (2015): 15-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2015.1.2
APA Alaei B., Chayjan R. A. (2015). Modelling of nectarine drying under near infrared – Vacuum conditions. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 14 (1), 15-27 http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2015.1.2
ISO 690 ALAEI, Behnam, CHAYJAN, Reza Amiri. Modelling of nectarine drying under near infrared – Vacuum conditions. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2015, 14.1: 15-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2015.1.2