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original articleIssue 15 (3) 2016 pp. 339-346

Marta Stelmach-Mardas1,2, Marcin Mardas3, Wojciech Warchoł4, Paweł Bogdański5

1Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbrücke, Germany
Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Metabolic Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
Department of Human Nutrition and Hygiene, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Department of Biophysics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
Department of Education and Obesity Treatment and Metabolic Disorders, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland

An analysis of the meal pattern at the nutrient level in Polish women


Background. Before the 1990’s, access to a variety of foods in Eastern Europe was limited, which could have influenced the currently analyzed dietary behaviors pertaining to overweight and obesity development. The aim of this study was to describe the daily profile of meal patterns in Polish women aged 50–70 at the nutrient level.
Material and methods. The anthropometrical parameters of four-hundred and fifty Polish women aged 50–70 were assessed. Three 24-hour dietary recalls and validated questionnaires regarding socio-demographic-economic status and meal frequency were applied. Timing in food intake was considered as follow: 6:00–8:59 CET – breakfast, 9:00–11:59 CET – morning snacks, 12:00–14:59 CET – lunch, 15:00–17:59 CET – afternoon snacks, 18:00–21:00 CET – dinner. Statistical analyses were conducted using Tukey’s multiple comparison tests and discriminant analysis.
Results. No statistically significant differences were found in socio-demographic-economic and anthropometrical characteristics between women categorized to differentiated meal frequency intakes. However, the subjects from the 5-meal-per-day group were characterized by higher anthropometrical parameters, the statistically lowest percentage of regularity in meal consumption and skipping meals related to shortest breaks between meals. At the nutrient level, potassium, niacin, vitamin E and vitamin D were selected in the discriminant analysis as the nutrients most strongly related to different dietary behaviors.
Conclusion. Our findings did not provide sufficient evidence that diverse nutrient intake could lead to the development of a specific nutritional profile in Polish women.

Keywords: meal patterns, obesity, food intake
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For citation:

MLA Stelmach-Mardas, Marta, et al. "An analysis of the meal pattern at the nutrient level in Polish women." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 15.3 (2016): 339-346. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2016.3.33
APA Stelmach-Mardas M., Mardas M., Warchoł W., Bogdański P. (2016). An analysis of the meal pattern at the nutrient level in Polish women. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 15 (3), 339-346 http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2016.3.33
ISO 690 STELMACH-MARDAS, Marta, et al. An analysis of the meal pattern at the nutrient level in Polish women. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2016, 15.3: 339-346. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2016.3.33