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Cegielska-Taras T., Nogala-Kałucka M., Szala L., Siger A., 2016. Study of variation of tocochromanol and phytosterol contents in black and yellow seeds of Brassica napus L. doubled haploid populations. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 15 (3), 321-332

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original articleIssue 15 (3) 2016 pp. 321-332

Teresa Cegielska-Taras1, Małgorzata Nogala-Kałucka2, Laurencja Szala1, Aleksander Siger2

1Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute &#
8

2
11; Research Division Poznań, Department of Genetics and Breeding of Oilseed Crops, Poland
2
Department of Food Biochemistry and Analysis, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland

Study of variation of tocochromanol and phytosterol contents in black and yellow seeds of Brassica napus L. doubled haploid populations

Abstract

Background. In the study, an analysis of tocopherols, plastochomanol-8 and phytosterols was conducted using DH lines obtained from F1 hybrids of reciprocal crosses between yellow- and black-seeded lines.
Material and methods. The biological material for the study consisted of two DH populations of winter oilseed rape obtained from F1 hybrids of reciprocal crosses between two DH lines: yellow- and black-seeded. Seed color was determined using a ColorFlex spectrophotometer. Fat content was determined via pulsed NMR. The levels of tocopherols, and plastochromanol-8 are analyzed using HPLC. Phytosterol contents and composition were determined by the GC method.
Results. The fat content of the black-seeded parental line was 49% and this was higher than that of the yellow-seeded parental line (44%). The fat content of DH line populations ranged from 44 to 51%. Total tocopherol content ranged from 460 to 602 mg/kg and the α-T/γ-T ratio was from 0.66 to 1.09. In parental lines H2-26 and Z-114 the total tocopherol content was 534 and 525 mg/kg, but the α-T/γ-T ratios were 0.81 and 1.21, respectively. The yellow-seeded parental line (Z-114) was characterized by a higher PC-8 content (81 mg/kg) than the H2-26 black-seeded parental line (58 mg/kg). The largest part of the total phytosterol content in seeds of both populations was β-sitosterol from 976 to 2148 mg/kg, followed by campasterol, from 636 to 1364 mg/kg, and brassicasterol from 375 to 678 mg/kg. The total tocopherol content ranged from 462 to 595 mg/kg (population HxZ) and from 460 to 602 mg/kg (population ZxH). Significantly positive correlations were observed between the seed color with α-T (r = 0.38, p < 0.01), γ-T (r = –0,34, p < 0.01) and PC-8 content (r = 0.29, p < 0.01). Correlations between the seed color with total tocopherol and total phytosterol content were not noted.
Conclusion. Considering the range of genetic variation among doubled haploids of two populations, selected DH lines may be good parents for further breeding programs focused on increasing the amount and improving the quality of oilseed rapeseed oil. However, further studies will also be made to determine the influence of the environment on bioactive compounds in rapeseed oil. Cross direction of parental DH lines: yellow- and black-seeded has some influence, albeit not statistically significant, on the diversity of doubled haploid in their populations with regard to average fat, tocochromanol and phytosterol content.

Keywords: Brassica napus L., oilseed rape, doubled haploid, black and yellow seeds, tocopherols, phytosterols
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2016.3.31

For citation:

MLA Cegielska-Taras, Teresa, et al. "Study of variation of tocochromanol and phytosterol contents in black and yellow seeds of Brassica napus L. doubled haploid populations." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 15.3 (2016): 321-332. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2016.3.31
APA Cegielska-Taras T., Nogala-Kałucka M., Szala L., Siger A. (2016). Study of variation of tocochromanol and phytosterol contents in black and yellow seeds of Brassica napus L. doubled haploid populations. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 15 (3), 321-332 http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2016.3.31
ISO 690 CEGIELSKA-TARAS, Teresa, et al. Study of variation of tocochromanol and phytosterol contents in black and yellow seeds of Brassica napus L. doubled haploid populations. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2016, 15.3: 321-332. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2016.3.31