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Stachelska M.A., 2017. Determining the prevalence of inv-positive and ail-positive Yersinia enterocolitica in pig tonsils using PCR and culture methods. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 16 (3), 303-310

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original articleIssue 16 (3) 2017 pp. 303-310

Milena Alicja Stachelska

Institute of Food Technology and Food Service, Lomza State University of Applied Sciences, Poland

Determining the prevalence of inv-positive and ail-positive Yersinia enterocolitica in pig tonsils using PCR and culture methods

Abstract

Background. Yersiniosis is believed to be the third most common intestinal zoonosis in the European Union, after campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis. Yersinia enterocolitica is the most common species responsible for human infections. Pigs are regarded as the biggest reservoir of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica strains, which are mainly isolated from pig tonsils. The aim of this paper is to examine the prevalence of inv-positive and ail-positive Y. enterocolitica in pigs which were slaughtered in a Polish abattoir.

Material and methods. Real-time PCR and culture methods were used to assess the prevalence of patho- genic Y. enterocolitica strains in pig tonsils. Real-time PCR was applied to detect inv-positive and ail-positive Y. enterocolitica. Y. enterocolitica was also isolated by applying direct plating, unselective (tryptic soy broth) and selective (irgasan-ticarcillin-potassium chlorate bouillon) enrichment.

Results. A total of 180 pigs were studied, of which 85% and 32% respectively were found to be infected with inv-positive and ail-positive Y. enterocolitica. The 92 inv-positive and ail-positive isolates, from 57 culture- positive tonsils, underwent bio- and serotyping. The most common was bioserotype 4/O:3, which was found in 53 (93%) out of 57 culture-positive tonsils. Strains of bioserotypes 2/O:5, 2/O:9 and 2/O:5.27 occurred in significantly lower numbers.

Conclusion. The prevalence of inv-positive and ail-positive Y. enterocolitica was found to be high in the ton- sils of slaughtered pigs, using real-time PCR. The real-time PCR method for the detection and identification of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica is sensitive and specific, which has been verified by specificity and sensitivity tests using the pure cultures. Serotypes were distinguished from each other using PCR serotyping. The PCR method was essential in forming our conclusions.

Keywords: Yersinia enterocolitica, inv gene, ail gene, pig tonsils, biotyping, serotyping, the real-time PCR method, culture method
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0495

For citation:

MLA Stachelska, Milena Alicja. "Determining the prevalence of inv-positive and ail-positive Yersinia enterocolitica in pig tonsils using PCR and culture methods." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 16.3 (2017): 303-310. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0495
APA Stachelska M.A. (2017). Determining the prevalence of inv-positive and ail-positive Yersinia enterocolitica in pig tonsils using PCR and culture methods. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 16 (3), 303-310 http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0495
ISO 690 STACHELSKA, Milena Alicja. Determining the prevalence of inv-positive and ail-positive Yersinia enterocolitica in pig tonsils using PCR and culture methods. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2017, 16.3: 303-310. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0495