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original articleIssue 16 (3) 2017 pp. 331-344

Nicola Landi, Sara Ragucci, Michelina Fiorentino, Vincenzo Guida, Antimo Di Maro

Department of Environmental, Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies (DiSTABiF), University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli', Caserta, Italy

Nutritional values and metabolic profile with and without boiled treatment of 'Gallo Matese' beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), a landrace from Southern Italy

Abstract

Background. ‘Gallo Matese’ beans are known as a typical legume of Southern Italy and continue to be consumed as a traditional food preserving the diversity of this region. Nonetheless, no information about the nutritional values of this legume is available. The objective of the present investigation was to determine the nutritional value and metabolic profile of ‘Gallo Matese’ beans.

Results. ‘Gallo Matese’ beans contain high levels of proteins (22.64 g/100 g) and essential amino acids  (8.3 g/100 g). Furthermore, differentunsaturated fatty acidscontributetothetotalamountoflipids (0.97 g/100 g); among them, the essential PUFA α-linolenic (0.48 g/100 g) and linoleic (0.39 g/100 g) acids are the most abundant. The total phenol content was revealed and ABTS and ORAC-fluorescein methods were applied to determine the radical scavenging capabilities of the extract with and without boiled treatment. Finally, a de- crease in trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibitory activities was estimated before and after the boiling procedure.

Conclusion. The data obtained show that ‘Gallo Matese’ beans are a functional food with healthy qualities. Overall, these results are useful to promote their cultivation and consumption, thus preserving Italian beans biodiversity due to consumer interest in choosing a healthy diet, such as the Mediterranean diet.

Keywords: amino acids, antioxidants, fatty acids, legumes, food quality
pub/.pdf Full text available in english in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.food.actapol.net/issue3/volume/9_3_2017.pdf

http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0510

For citation:

MLA Landi, Nicola, et al. "Nutritional values and metabolic profile with and without boiled treatment of 'Gallo Matese' beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), a landrace from Southern Italy." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 16.3 (2017): 331-344. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0510
APA Land, N., Ragucci S., Fiorentino M., Guida V., Di Maro A. (2017). Nutritional values and metabolic profile with and without boiled treatment of 'Gallo Matese' beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), a landrace from Southern Italy. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 16 (3), 331-344 http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0510
ISO 690 LANDI, Nicola, et al. Nutritional values and metabolic profile with and without boiled treatment of 'Gallo Matese' beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), a landrace from Southern Italy. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2017, 16.3: 331-344. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0510