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original articleIssue 16 (4) 2017 pp. 371-377

Urszula Złotek

Department of Biochemistry and Food Chemistry, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland

Effect of jasmonic acid and yeast extract elicitation on low-molecular antioxidants and antioxidant activity of marjoram (Origanum majorana L.)

Abstract

Background. Elicitation, which is a way of inducing plant secondary metabolism, may be an effective method for improving the quality of plant food. The aim of this study was to determine how the application of jasmonic acid (as an abiotic elicitor) and yeast extract (as a biotic elicitor) influences the production of some bioactive compounds in marjoram and the antioxidant activity of this herb.

Material and methods. Elicitation with 0.01 µM and 1 µM jasmonic acid as well as 0.1% and 1% yeast extracts was used for improving the health-benefiting quality of marjoram. The study focused on the effects of eliciting the level of some phytochemicals and the antioxidant activity of marjoram.

Results. There were no significant differences in total phenolic content between the elicited and control plants. In turn, the elicitation with 0.1% and 1% yeast extracts caused 1.8- and 2.5-fold increases in the ascorbic acid content in marjoram leaves, respectively. Both biotic and abiotic elicitation resulted in elevation of chlorophyll content, but only the abiotic elicitor (jasmonic acid) caused a significant increase (by over 50%) in the carotenoid content of marjoram leaves. The antiradical activity of marjoram was increased by the abiotic and biotic elicitation, whereas only the abiotic elicitation resulted in improving the reducing power of this herb.

Conclusions. In conclusion, biotic and abiotic elicitation could be an effective strategy for improving the level of some phytochemicals, as well as the antioxidant activity of marjoram. A particularly valuable finding obtained in this study is that natural elicitors e.g. yeast extract can be equally effective in elevating the content of some bioactive compounds in herbs e.g. marjoram as an abiotic one.

Keywords: antioxidant activity, elicitation, low-molecular weight antioxidants, marjoram
pub/.pdf Full text available in english in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.food.actapol.net/issue4/volume/2_4_2017.pdf

http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0505

For citation:

MLA Złotek, Urszula. "Effect of jasmonic acid and yeast extract elicitation on low-molecular antioxidants and antioxidant activity of marjoram (Origanum majorana L.)." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 16.4 (2017): 371-377. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0505
APA Złotek U. (2017). Effect of jasmonic acid and yeast extract elicitation on low-molecular antioxidants and antioxidant activity of marjoram (Origanum majorana L.). Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 16 (4), 371-377 http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0505
ISO 690 ZłOTEK, Urszula. Effect of jasmonic acid and yeast extract elicitation on low-molecular antioxidants and antioxidant activity of marjoram (Origanum majorana L.). Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2017, 16.4: 371-377. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0505