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Ziarno M., 2009. In vitro cholesterol uptake by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus isolates. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 8 (2), 21-32

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Issue 8 (2) 2009 pp. 21-32

Małgorzata Ziarno

Warsaw University of Life Sciences &#
8

2
11; SGGW

In vitro cholesterol uptake by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus isolates

Abstract

Background. Some researchers have indicated that Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus may provide additional health benefits, reduce serum cholesterol level, for example. The aim of this study was to determine cholesterol uptake by Lb. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus commercial yoghurt starter isolates in artificial GIT fluids.

Material and methods. Lb. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus isolates were cultured in MRS broth and in artificial GIT fluids contained cholesterol at initial concentration ca. 560 µg/mL, as well as in MRS broth with cholesterol addition.

Results. All Lb. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus showed ability to uptake of cholesterol from MRS broth and artificial GIT fluids. The isolates incubated in artificial gastric fluid removed the minimal amounts of cholesterol in comparison to the same isolates incubated in MRS broth. Only two isolates removed significantly more cholesterol from MRS broth that from duodenal fluid. The amount of removed cholesterol from artificial duodenal fluid ranged from 20 µg/mL to 78 µg/mL. All Lb. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus isolates survived worse in artificial GIT fluids than in MRS broth. The viability of Lb. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus in GIT fluids depended on isolate.

Conclusions. These results proved that Lb. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus shows ability to uptake cholesterol from MRS broth and artificial GIT fluids, and the degree of cholesterol uptake depends on isolate and incubation environment. The ability of Lb. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus to survive in GIT varies according to the isolates and incubation environment.

Keywords: cholesterol, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, cholesterol uptake, artificial intestinal juice, artificial duodenal juice
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For citation:

MLA Ziarno, Małgorzata. "In vitro cholesterol uptake by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus isolates." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 8.2 (2009): 21-32.
APA Ziarno M. (2009). In vitro cholesterol uptake by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus isolates. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 8 (2), 21-32
ISO 690 ZIARNO, Małgorzata. In vitro cholesterol uptake by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus isolates. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2009, 8.2: 21-32.