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Cais-Sokolińska D., Borski K., 2010. Intake of calcium contained in milk and dairy products in diets of children and teenagers in Poland in view of other European countries. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 9 (3), 351-362

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Issue 9 (3) 2010 pp. 351-362

Dorota Cais-Sokolińska, Krzysztof Borski

Poznań University of Life Sciences

Intake of calcium contained in milk and dairy products in diets of children and teenagers in Poland in view of other European countries

Abstract

 

Background. In many European countries a trend to eliminate milk and dairy products from everyday diet may be observed with increasing frequency. Elimination of milk and dairy products from the diet is connected with a reduced supply of calcium required for normal growth and development in children and adolescents
Material and methods. The aim of the study was to assess calcium intake related with the consumption of milk and dairy products by children and adolescents aged 10-18 years in Europe, particularly Poland. Respondents came from families of a good socio-economic position, were aware of principles of rational nutrition and could freely consume dairy products.
Results. Based on conducted investigations it was found that calcium intake by respondents in Poland was 297.2 mg/day, at a European mean of 493.6 mg/day (575.2 mg/day/person ♂, 411.9 mg/day/person ♀). Calcium supply in individual countries is not correlated with the amount of consumed milk and dairy products. The biggest amounts of milk and dairy products are consumed by children and adolescents in Croatia (1396.2 g day/person), while the lowest in Germany (378.5 g/day/person). In Poland the consumption of milk and dairy products is 413.5 g/day/person.
Conclusions. Conducted investigations showed a very low calcium intake in examined children and adolescents aged 10-18 years. These levels are too low, as they account for 38% daily calcium allowance recommended by WHO/FAO for this age group, amounting to 1300 mg/day/person.

 

Keywords: calcium, dairy products, osteoporosis
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For citation:

MLA Cais-Sokolińska, Dorota, and Krzysztof Borski. "Intake of calcium contained in milk and dairy products in diets of children and teenagers in Poland in view of other European countries." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 9.3 (2010): 351-362.
APA Cais-Sokolińska D., Borski K. (2010). Intake of calcium contained in milk and dairy products in diets of children and teenagers in Poland in view of other European countries. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 9 (3), 351-362
ISO 690 CAIS-SOKOLIńSKA, Dorota, BORSKI, Krzysztof. Intake of calcium contained in milk and dairy products in diets of children and teenagers in Poland in view of other European countries. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2010, 9.3: 351-362.