Issue 12 (2) 2013 pp. 181-194
Zuzanna Goluch-Koniuszy, Mateusz Kunowski
Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of diets in children and young people with Down’s Syndrome
Introduction. Down’s Syndrome (DS) belongs to the most frequent aberrations of autosomal chromosomes of all known chromosome disorders. The most frequent diseases accompanying Down’s Syndrome include diabetes and obesity. One of the causes of fatty tissue, including visceral tissue accumulation in body is an ill balanced diet in terms of, among others, the quantity and structure of carbohydrates, as well as values of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL). As in Down’s Syndrome the incidence of both obesity and diabetes is higher than in healthy population, it seems essential to evaluate and correct the diet in terms of not only carbohydrates level, but also of GI and GL. The object of this study was to evaluate the nutritive status and nutritional patterns of children and adolescents (both sexes) with Down’s Syndrome (DS) taking into account the GI and GL of their meals.
Conclusions.Everyday food rations of both sexes affected by Trisomy 21 were not balanced in terms of en- ergy and nutritive values, which may predispose them to disorders in carbohydrate body metabolism. Average values of the glycemic index and high values of the glycemic load of diets of the surveyed participants may facilitate the development of obesity and its effects in the form of type 2 diabetes. It is advisable to correct diets of participants with Down’s Syndrome being at a high risk of type 2 diabetes development in terms of GI and GL values and it is advisable to conduct health-promoting nutritional education of children and ado- lescents as well as their parents/guardians and staff of centres they attend to, in the aspect of the prophylaxis of metabolic diseases.
Keywords: nutritional status, Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, Down’s Syndrome
|MLA||Goluch-Koniuszy, Zuzanna, and Mateusz Kunowski. "Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of diets in children and young people with Down’s Syndrome." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 12.2 (2013): 181-194.|
|APA||Goluch-Koniuszy Z., Kunowski M. (2013). Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of diets in children and young people with Down’s Syndrome. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 12 (2), 181-194|
|ISO 690||GOLUCH-KONIUSZY, Zuzanna, KUNOWSKI, Mateusz. Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of diets in children and young people with Down’s Syndrome. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2013, 12.2: 181-194.|