Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Technologia Alimentaria

ISSN:1644-0730, e-ISSN:1898-9594

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Issue 12 (3) 2013 pp. 295-302

Michal Magala, Zlatica Kohajdová, Jolana Karovičová

Department of Food Science and Technology, Institute of Biotechnology and Food Science, Slovak University of Technology, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Preparation of lactic acid bacteria fermented wheat-yoghurt mixtures


Background. Tarhana, a wheat-yoghurt fermented mixture, is considered as a good source of saccharides, proteins, some vitamins and minerals. Moreover, their preparation is inexpensive and lactic acid fermentation offers benefi ts like product preservation, enhancement of nutritive value and sensory properties improvement. The aim of this work was to evaluate changes of some chemical parameters during fermentation of tarhana, when the level of salt and amount of yoghurt used were varied. Some functional and sensory characteristics of the fi nal product were also determined.
Material and methods. Chemical analysis included determination of pH, titrable acidity, content of reducing saccharides, lactic, acetic and citric acid. Measured functional properties of tarhana powder were foaming capacity, foam stability, water absorption capacity, oil absorption capacity and emulsifying activity. Tarhana soups samples were evaluated for their sensory characteristics (colour, odor, taste, consistency and overall acceptability).
Results. Fermentation of tarhana by lactic acid bacteria and yeasts led to decrease in pH, content of reducing saccharides and citric acid, while titrable acidity and concentration of lactic and acetic acid increased. Determination of functional properties of tarhana powder showed, that salt absence and increased amount of yoghurt in tarhana recipe reduced foaming capacity and oil absorption capacity, whereas foam stability and water absorption capacity were improved. Sensory evaluation of tarhana soups showed that variations in tarhana recipe adversly affected sensory parameters of fi nal products.
Conclusion. Variations in tarhana recipe (salt absence, increased proportion of yoghurt) led to changes in some chemical parameters (pH, titrable acidity, reducing saccharides, content of lactic, acetic and citric acid). Functional properties were also affected with changed tarhana recipe. Sensory characteristics determination showed, that standard tarhana fermented for 144 h had the highest overall acceptability.

Keywords: tarhana, organic acids, functional properties, sensory characteristics
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MLA Magala, Michal, et al. "Preparation of lactic acid bacteria fermented wheat-yoghurt mixtures." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 12.3 (2013): 295-302.
APA Magala M., Kohajdová Z., Karovičová J., (2013). Preparation of lactic acid bacteria fermented wheat-yoghurt mixtures. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 12 (3), 295-302
ISO 690 MAGALA, Michal, KOHAJDOVá, Zlatica, KAROVIčOVá, Jolana. Preparation of lactic acid bacteria fermented wheat-yoghurt mixtures. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2013, 12.3: 295-302.