original articleIssue 17 (1) 2018 pp. 51-58
Katarzyna Turek, Jacek Domagała, Monika Wszołek
Fatty acid profile and oxidation tests of fat extracted from yogurt using rose hip seed oil
Background. Yogurt is a dairy product with a high nutritional value. However, like all milk products, it contains milk fat and is rich in saturated fatty acids. It would be desirable to enrich dairy products in poly- unsaturated fatty acids to increase dietary intake amongst consumers and improve their health. Also, some LAB bacteria are able to produce CLA and CLnA isomers from linoleic and linolenic acids. The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical properties and fatty acid profile of yogurt with the addition of 3.5% of rose hip seed oil.
Materials and methods. Yogurt was made from skimmed milk and yogurt starter culture YC-180 Ch. Hansen (Denmark), with the addition of 3.5% of rose hip seed oil. The peroxide value, acid value, iodine value, TBA rate and fatty acid profile were determined in fat extracted from the yogurt after 1 and 14 days of storage and in fresh rose hip seed oil. The fatty acid profile was determined using gas chromatographic methods with mass spectrometric detectors.
Results. Fat extracted from the yogurts had lower levels of peroxides than the fresh oil. It was more acidic and the iodine value was higher than in the fresh oil. Rose hip seed oil enriched the product with polyunsaturated fatty acids. After 14 days of storage, linoleic and linolenic acid levels had increased. Moreover, the content of myristic and palmitic acids had decreased.
Conclusion. The rose hip seed oil added to the yogurt was less susceptible to oxidation. The content of un- saturated fatty acids in the yogurt increased with the addition of the oil, making yogurt with rose hip seed oil an excellent source of Ω-3 and Ω-6 fatty acids. Conjugated linoleic (CLA) and linolenic (CLnA) acids were not detected. However, yogurt manufactured with appropriate adjunct cultures and with the correct oil addition could be a natural source of CLA and CLnA in the human diet.
Keywords: yogurt, rose hip seed oil, fatty acid, CLA
|MLA||Turek, Katarzyna, et al. "Fatty acid profile and oxidation tests of fat extracted from yogurt using rose hip seed oil." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 17.1 (2018): 51-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0526|
|APA||Turek K., Domagała J., Wszołek M. (2018). Fatty acid profile and oxidation tests of fat extracted from yogurt using rose hip seed oil. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 17 (1), 51-58 http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0526|
|ISO 690||TUREK, Katarzyna, DOMAGAłA, Jacek, WSZOłEK, Monika. Fatty acid profile and oxidation tests of fat extracted from yogurt using rose hip seed oil. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2018, 17.1: 51-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.0526|