Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Technologia Alimentaria

ISSN:1644-0730, e-ISSN:1898-9594

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original articleIssue 18 (2) 2019 pp. 205-218

Ewa Rokosik, Krzysztof Dwiecki, Aleksander Siger

Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland

The quality of cold-pressed rapeseed oil obtained from seeds of Brassica napus L. with increased moisture content

Abstract

Background. The basic parameter influencing the quality of cold-pressed oil is the quality of seeds used  for pressing. Adverse moisture content and storage temperature of rape seeds may affect the quality of oil obtained from them. This paper presents the effects of increased rapeseed moisture content on the quality of the oil pressed.

Material and methods. The material used for the tests was rapeseed (canola) cv. PR 46 W14. The moisture content of the seeds was adjusted to 10%, 12% and 20%, and the seeds were stored at room temperature for 14 days. The samples were then dried to a seed moisture equal to 7% and oil was pressed from them. Acid and peroxide values, as well as the content of water, tocopherols and phenolic acids, were determined. In addition, a sensory analysis of the oil samples was carried out, and structural changes in the association colloids in the oil were determined using a fluorescent probe.

Results. With the increase in seed moisture, the increase in peroxide and acid values of the analyzed oils was recorded. A slight decrease in tocopherol content and a significant increase in phenolic acid concentration, depending on the seed moisture content, was observed. Sensory analysis showed odor sensory profile changes that probably indicate microflora development.

Conclusion. The rapeseed moisture content has a crucial influence on the quality of oil obtained from them. Along with an increase in seed moisture, the possibility of developing undesirable microflora grows, which results in a deterioration in the quality of the obtained oil.

Keywords: rapeseed, oil quality, cold-pressed oil, tocopherol, phenolic compounds, moisture
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http://www.food.actapol.net/issue2/volume/10_2_2019.pdf

https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2019.0672

For citation:

MLA Rokosik, Ewa, et al. "The quality of cold-pressed rapeseed oil obtained from seeds of Brassica napus L. with increased moisture content." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 18.2 (2019): 205-218. https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2019.0672
APA Rokosik E., Dwiecki K., Siger A. (2019). The quality of cold-pressed rapeseed oil obtained from seeds of Brassica napus L. with increased moisture content. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 18 (2), 205-218 https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2019.0672
ISO 690 ROKOSIK, Ewa, DWIECKI, Krzysztof, SIGER, Aleksander. The quality of cold-pressed rapeseed oil obtained from seeds of Brassica napus L. with increased moisture content. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2019, 18.2: 205-218. https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2019.0672