original articleIssue 18 (2) 2019 pp. 185-193
Paweł Glibowski, Małgorzata Karwowska, Agnieszka Latoch, Katarzyna Nosowska, Kenneth O. Udeh
Effect of different tea extracts on the physicochemical and sensory parameters of stirred probiotic yoghurts
Background. In yoghurt production, additives and flavours are added after the fermentation process, but in the case of yoghurts with the addition of tea extracts all studies concern set-type yoghurts. For this reason, the aim of this study was to analyse the effect of green, black, red (Pu-erh) and white tea extracts addition on sensory characteristics, pH, viscosity and colour of stirred probiotic yoghurts stored for two weeks.
Methods. Skim milk powder (10% w/w), sucrose (4% w/w) and typical yoghurt cultures with the addition of Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 were applied for yoghurt manufacture. Then yoghurts were stirred and 4, 8, 12% black, red, green and white tea extracts were added. The samples were analysed after 1, 3, 7 and 14 days of storage at 5ºC. Instrumental colour (L*a*b*) determination, rheological measurements and sensory evaluation were carried out.
Results. The pH analysis of the final yoghurt samples showed that the type and quantity of tea extract addition had little effect. Apparent viscosity was affected by 12% addition of tea extracts but not by storage time. The instrumental analysis of the colour confirmed the visual assessment. Sensory evaluation revealed that yoghurts with the addition of green tea extract were the most accepted. The addition of extracts made of red, black and white tea resulted in lower values of all the sensory characteristics tested.
Conclusion. The stirring method can be applied to the production of probiotic yoghurts with various tea extracts. The acidity of the yoghurts was practically not affected by the addition of the infusion derived from the different types of tea. 4% addition of tea extract did not affect the viscosity of the yoghurts. The best sensory scores among tea yoghurts were obtained by yoghurt with 4% green tea addition.
|MLA||Glibowski, Paweł, et al. "Effect of different tea extracts on the physicochemical and sensory parameters of stirred probiotic yoghurts." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 18.2 (2019): 185-193. https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2019.0653|
|APA||Glibowski P., Karwowska M., Latoch A., Nosowska K., Udeh K. O. (2019). Effect of different tea extracts on the physicochemical and sensory parameters of stirred probiotic yoghurts. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 18 (2), 185-193 https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2019.0653|
|ISO 690||GLIBOWSKI, Paweł, et al. Effect of different tea extracts on the physicochemical and sensory parameters of stirred probiotic yoghurts. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2019, 18.2: 185-193. https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2019.0653|