original articleIssue 19 (4) 2020 pp. 445-456
Taynara Álvares Martins1, Francielo Vendruscolo2
2College of Agronomy, Federal University of Goiás, Brazil
Enhancement of microbial pigment production from Monascus ruber by sodium octanoate addition
Background. The addition of fatty acids and other molecules to culture media may intensify the production of biomolecules, such as monascus pigments, however, few studies of this have been developed. Thus, the objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of adding sodium octanoate to the culture medium, with a view to increasing the synthesis and production of the pigments produced by Monascus ruber CCT 3802 on solid and submerged cultivations.
Materials and methods. Monacus ruber CCT 3802 was cultivated on solid and submerged media supplemented with different concentrations of sodium octanoate. The radial growth rate of the colonies was obtained from the declivity of the linear regression of the radius of the colonies as a function of cultivation time and the kinetics of submerged cultivations were performed. The filtrate obtained was submitted to scanning spectrophotometry at a range from 350 to 550 nm and the color parameters were determined by using the CIELAB color system. The data were submitted to a univariate analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the means obtained for each treatment submitted to Tukey’s test using Statistica version 5.0 software at a 5% level of significance.
Results. Sodium octanoate exerted a strong influence on growth and pigment production in solid and submerged cultivations. The values for L*, a* and b* were positive for pigments produced, with regards to colors close to red and yellow. In the media supplemented with 1.0 mM and 1.5 mM of sodium octanoate, the production of red pigments became expressive from 48 hours-cultivation, increasing considerably from the second to the fourth days. This shows that supplementation with sodium octanoate provides a greater production of pigments in a shorter time interval than the control culture, which required 144 hours of cultivation to present a higher value for AU510nm, which directly influenced pigment productivity.
Conclusion. The addition of sodium octanoate exerted a significant influence on both microbial growth and pigment production in both solid and submerged cultivations. The supplementation of the submerged cultures with sodium octanoate was responsible for an expressive production of pigments in just 48 hours, whereas 144 hours were necessary in the absence of sodium octanoate. These results are promising for increasing the productivity of pigment production, including possibilities for application on an industrial scale.
Keywords: microbial pigments, solid culture, submerged cultivation, sodium octanoate, microbial pigments
|MLA||Martins, Taynara Álvares, and Francielo Vendruscolo. "Enhancement of microbial pigment production from Monascus ruber by sodium octanoate addition." Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 19.4 (2020): 445-456. https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2020.0870|
|APA||Martins T. Á., Vendruscolo F. (2020). Enhancement of microbial pigment production from Monascus ruber by sodium octanoate addition. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment. 19 (4), 445-456 https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2020.0870|
|ISO 690||MARTINS, Taynara Álvares, VENDRUSCOLO, Francielo. Enhancement of microbial pigment production from Monascus ruber by sodium octanoate addition. Acta Sci.Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2020, 19.4: 445-456. https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2020.0870|